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Cold-Hardy Avocados

COLD HARDY AVOCADOS



  

Avocados are considered a tropical fruit, grown commercially in California, Mexico, and extreme south Florida near Homestead.  However, varieties discovered in the mountains of Mexico have considerable cold resistance, and will survive temperatures into the mid teens to low 20s, especially if grown in a protected location.  At the University of Florida campus, as every agriculture student remembers, there was a medium sized dark-skinned avocado (known as 'Gainesville') that ripened every year next to Hume Library (where we all studied), and was sought after by both the students in the know and squirrels!  

We grow a number of varieties of cold hardy Avocados, that are adapted to Zones 8-10, from coastal SC to TX!  Make sure you plant them on the south face of a building, or underneath overhead canopy, much like protecting citrus. Avocado trees in the home landscape should be planted 25 to 30 feet apart or more.  Placing freeze cloth over them during hard freezes also helps protect them.  Another helpful technique is to mulch the plant above the graft union, so that it protects the rootstock and the graft from cold air (soil is warmer than air).

Avocado trees should be fed on a regular basis after their first year of growing in the ground or in a container.  Fertilize using well balanced citrus / avocado food at least  4 times per  year and as often as once a month.
Remember that avocado trees that have been well feed year-round are better able to deal with cold temperatures in the
winter. Do not over water avocado trees!  Over watering is often the number one factor in causing root rot to develop in the
 first place.  Avocados prefer infrequent deep root waterings. It is best to allow trees to dry out before you apply water again.
It is best to allow trees to dry out before you apply water again. In most cases, avocados will not need to be watered during the winter. However it is important to water in the winter if there are prolonged periods without rain.  It is a good idea to apply a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch to avocado trees each year to help retain soil moisture and improve soil quality.  Apply mulch in spring and fall spreading it out 2 to 3 feet from the trunk of the tree.


Height: 30-65' (depending on type)
Pollination: Self-pollinating
Bears: July-Mid December (depending on type)
Light requirements: Full sun
Soil type: Well-drained
Fertilization: After planting, wait about a month before fertilizing. Fertilizer mixtures containing 6 to 10% nitrogen, 6 to 10% available phosphorus petnoxide, 6 to 10% potash, and 4 to 6% magnesium give satisfactory results with young trees.
Pruning: Central Leader
Watering: Newly planted avocado trees should be watered at planting and every other day for the first week or so and then 1 to 2 times a week for the first couple of months. During prolonged dry periods (e.g., 5 or more days of little to no rainfall) newly planted and young avocado trees (first 3 years) should be well watered twice a week.
Maintenance: Easy
USDA Hardiness Zone: 8-10


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Products 1-6 of 6
Day Avocado
Availability: Out of Stock
Price: $29.95


Item #: Day Avocado - Day is a hybrid Guatemalan x West Indies avocado.  Has large buttery fleshed fruit (up to 1 lb each!).  Quite cold hardy to 22F. Ripens from July-September.Size shipped 18"-36"...
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Joey Avocado
Availability: Out of Stock
Price: $29.95


Item #: Joey Avocado - Joey has small, egg-shaped fruit, with a dark purple skin and flavorful flesh.  Ripens from August to October.  Extremely cold hardy, to 15F, Zones 8-10.  Size Shipped 18"- 36"...
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Lila Avocado
Availability: Out of Stock
Price: $29.95


Item #: Lila Avocado - Lila has medium sized green fruit, and ripens from August to October.  Extremely cold hardy, to 15F, Zones 8-10.  Size Shipped18"-36" Container grown.Available at farm for pickup:...
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Mexicola Avocado
Availability: Out of Stock
Price: $29.95


Item #: Mexicola Avocado - Slightly smaller version of the Mexicola Grande. Cold Hardy to 18F. High quality fruit with thin shiny black skin. Fruit Size 4-8 oz. Ripens August to October. (A-Type)
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Pancho Avocado
Availability: Out of Stock
Price: $29.95


Item #: Pancho Avocado - Pancho has medium to large green fruit.  Ripens from August to October.   Another extremely cold hardy variety from Texas, to 15F, Zones 8-10. Size Shipped 18"- 36"...
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Winter Mexican Avocado
Availability: Out of Stock
Price: $29.95


Item #: Winter Mexican Avocado - Winter Mexican ripens from Nov-Dec, and is very cold hardy, to 18F, Zones 8-10.  Small, dark skinned fruit with rich, nutty flavor.Size Shipped  Container grown 18"- 36".Available at farm...
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Products 1-6 of 6