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Apple Trees

APPLES




APPLES
Malus domestica or Malus angustifolia


We specialize in wonderful new low chill apples have been developed that will bear fruit throughout Florida and are the best varieties for growing along the southern Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Originating from Israel, the Anna Apple was bred by Mr. Abba Stein. Anna is tart like Granny Smith when still green and ripens as red as a Red Delicious. Dorsett Golden was discovered on Grand Bahama Island and can easily grow throughout Florida. Tropic Sweet is a new variety developed by the University of Florida and is very sweet even in the early stages of ripeness.

Apples are fairly easy to grow and will grow in a variety of conditions. They have a beautiful ornamental display of pink-white flowers in early spring and bear fruit 2-3 years after planting. They are susceptible to root fungus, leaf spot and Fireblight.

Site Selection

Well-drained sandy loam soils are preferred, but apples will grow on many soil types if good drainage is provided.

Apples will grow more vigorously and produce more fruit in full sun. Avoid frost pockets- apples may be damaged by unseasonable frosts. Prepare the area by removing any weeds prior to planting. This step is often over looked but is absolutely critical to any successful planting. Weeds and grass steal light, water and nutrients from your trees.

Soil and Planting

Well-drained, sandy loam soils are preferred, but apples will grow on many soil types if good drainage is provided. Apples will grow more vigorously and produce more fruit in full sun.

Apples prefer slightly acidic soil (pH 6.0 - 6.5).

Dig a planting hole approximately two times the width of the pot and at the same depth as the root ball. Set that soil aside and mix it 50/50 with either aged compost or aged manure. Remove the plant from the pot, gently loosen the root ball and place in the planting hole. Set the tree in the middle of the hole. Using some soil, secure the tree in a straight position. To avoid burying too deep, make sure plant is positioned with the top most roots at the soil line. Fill the planting hole with the native soil and mixed soil with organic matter; gently tamp it in. Water thoroughly to settle the roots and eliminate air pockets. year. If desired, construct a water basin around the base of the tree approximately 36 inches in diameter. Keep an area approximately 4 feet in diameter around the apple clear of grass and weeds to minimize competition for water and nutrients. Set that soil aside. Remove the plant from the pot, gently loosen the root ball and place in the planting hole.

Plant the tree at the same height they were grown in the container, not deeper. Fill in the planting hole with the native soil. Set the tree in the middle of the hole. Avoid planting the tree too deep. Using some soil, secure the tree in a straight position, then fill and firmly pack the hole with the native soil.

Spacing

Spacing for apples depends upon the desired use in the landscape. Trees should be at least 15-20' apart, but no further than 20' apart, to ensure cross pollination.

Fertilization

The type of fertilizer you choose may be chemical or organic. Make sure that the fertilizer contains iron, zinc, manganese, magnesium, molybdenum, copper and boron. These minor elements are very important to plants and most soils are low in these elements. Application rates vary according to age of plant. You can use Espoma Citrus Tone (Organic). Spread the fertilizer evenly under the entire canopy of the plant avoiding a 5-inch area around the trunk. Water or rake in.

For Zones 8a-10, fertilize 3 times each year in March after bud break, late May and late July. For plants further north (Zones 6-7), fertilize in March after bud break.

Never fertilize after August (June in Zones 6-7) as this will promote new growth late in the year which will be subject to freeze damage. Excess fertilizer or pruning stimulates too much vegetative growth, promoting fireblight. An average of 6 inches of shoot growth on bearing trees is optimal. If trees need to be pruned heavily (as for an older tree that needs rejuvenating), don’t fertilize for a year or two.

Water

The first year is a critical time for the establishment of a new apple. Water thoroughly twice a week on light soils and once a week on clay soils. Soak the entire root system deeply.

Water regularly, especially during dry periods.

Fruit may drop prematurely if insufficiently irrigated during dry spells. Keep an area approximately 4 feet in diameter around the pear clear of grass and weeds to minimize competition for water and nutrients. Pruning the apple natural tendency is to grow upright, creating narrow crotches that tend to break under heavy fruit loads. To avoid this, early training is a must. Pegging the tree will insure a form that will bear heavy fruit loads. At planting select 3-4 scaffold branches spaced equally around the trunk and remove other branches flush with the trunk. These scaffold limbs should be pegged down to insure a form that will bear heavy fruit loads. You want the tree to have good air circulation in the interior.

Pruning

Apples in the South are usually pruned to an open center habit. At planting select 3-4 scaffold branches spaced equally around the trunk and remove other branches flush with the trunk. In the second dormant season, top the scaffold limbs approximately 36 inches from the trunk to encourage secondary branching. Remove any strong branches growing into the center. You want the tree to have good air circulation in the interior. Continue to train apple trees during the first 5 years. Pruning should be designed to train the tree outward by removing strong branches growing into the center and removing water sprouts. The tree can be topped out at 7 or 8 foot with mold and hold cuts, which are devigorating heading cuts made into two year old wood. Do this by topping back the main scaffold limb to a weaker outward growing shoot. This will keep the tree at an easy picking height as well as stimulate new growth lower on the tree Mature trees are pruned during the dormant season. Thin out weak branches and head back long shoots as needed to maintain tree shape. Remove water sprouts. Remove any dead, damaged or diseased branches when pruning. Use mold and hold cuts to maintain trees to an easy picking height. To grow the biggest peaches, plums and nectarines, thin small fruit to no more than 1 fruit per 6 inches of branch.

Height: 10-15'
Spread: 5-10'

Tree Form: Modified leader

Pollination: Plant 2 varieties for cross pollination
Flowers: Feb-Mar
Bears: June in 2-3 years
Light requirements: Full sun
Soil type: Well-drained pH 6.0-6.5
Fertilization: The first application should be made during the dormant period in January and another application at the beginning of the rainy season in June. Use a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 with minerals or Espoma Citrus Tone (organic) or similar mixture is recommended.
Pruning: Prune to remove dead wood and train or shape the tree. See Pruning section above.
Watering: For best fruit productions, provide moist but well drained soil.
Maintenance: Easy
Hardiness Zone: 8-10


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Products 1-4 of 4
Anna Apple Tree
Availability: Out of Stock
Price: $29.95


Item #: Anna Apple Tree - Anna was originally developed by Dr. Ein Sheimer in Israel. It is very low chill and requires only 150 chill hours and is best for hot climates along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts as far south as...
[more info...]

    Dorsett Golden Apple Tree
    Availability: Out of Stock
    Price: $29.95


    Item #: Dorsett Golden Tree - Dorsett Golden was originally discovered growing in the Bahamas. It has excellent sweet flavor and is similar to a Golden Delicious in both coloration and flavor. It is very low chill (only 150...
    [more info...]

      Ein Sheimer Apple Tree
      Availability: Out of Stock
      Price: $29.95


      Item #: Ein Sheimer Apple - Developed by Dr. Ein Sheimer in Israel. It is very low chill and requires only 250 chill hours and is best for hot climates along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts as far south as south Florida! It is a...
      [more info...]

        Tropic Sweet Apple Tree
        Availability: Out of Stock
        Price: $29.95


        Item #: Tropic Sweet Apple - A recent patented development by the University of Florida, with excellent sweet flavor similar to a MacIntosh apple. Green base with red blush. Low chill (250 hours). Best when planted with another...
        [more info...]

          Products 1-4 of 4